Drug: Glucophage

Glucophage Pills
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Glucophage, or metformin as it is commonly called, is a first-line prescription drug for controlling type 2 diabetes. This step by step guide provides information on its uses, advantages, probable side effects and other things that will help patients make better decisions about their treatment.


What is Glucophage?


Glucophage is an oral medication in the class of drugs called biguanides. Its major goal is to help adults and children (10 yrs. and over) with type 2 diabetes maintain blood sugar control. It is considered one of the best prescribed medicines for diabetes due to its effectiveness and safety record.


How Does Glucophage Work?


Liver glucose production reduces, glucose absorption from the gut decreases as well as muscle cell insulin sensitivity improves through Glucophages’ actions. This holistic therapeutic approach aids in lowering glucose levels within blood circulation while enhancing insulin’s efficacy.


Benefits of Glucophage


The use of glucophage for managing diabetes has several benefits:

  • Better Blood Sugar Control: It effectively lowers blood glucose levels thereby reducing chances of complications that may arise due to uncontrolled diabetes.
  • No Impact on Weight: Unlike some other medications used in treating diabetic patients, metformin does not increase weight but may even cause weight loss in some cases.
  • Possible Cardiovascular Perks: Based on research findings done thus far, glucopage could be beneficial on the cardiovascular front therefore reducing risks related to heart diseases
  • Slight risk of hypoglycemia: When taken alone, glucophage does not lead to hypoglycemia, which is a common complication caused by other diabetic drugs.

Potential Side Effects


Although generally well-tolerated, Glucophage may cause some side effects such as:

  • Nausea/vomiting/diarrhea that result in gastrointestinal disturbances
  • Metallic taste in the mouth
  • Low levels of Vitamin B12 due to long-term use
  • In rare cases, lactic acidosis may occur

Usage and Dosage


The dose of Glucophage depends on the patient’s condition, its response to therapy and his or her concurrent medications. Advice from a healthcare provider needs to be adhered to strictly. In most instances it is taken one to three times daily with meals so as to minimize digestive side effects.


Who Should Not Take Glucophage?


Some people are not eligible for Glucophage. They include:

  • Kidney failure (serious)
  • A metabolic disorder called acute or chronic metabolic acidosis.
  • Allergic reaction against metformin known as hypersensitivity reactions.


Glucophage remains the backbone in the treatment of Type 2 diabetes because it significantly contributes towards blood sugar control without any weight gain or serious episodes of low blood sugar. Nevertheless, patients should confer with their doctors about prevailing health conditions and possible side effects that might arise when using this drug in their overall approach to diabetes management.

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