Drug: Lorazepam

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Lorazepam, also called Ativan, is a drug prescribed to patients with anxiety disorders, which is one of the causes of insomnia and as pre-anesthesia. The medication belongs to a group of drugs known as benzodiazepines that work by affecting brain and nerves (central nervous system) to produce calmness. This guide presents an overview of Lorazepam in terms of its application, side effects, and imperative steps before use.

Understanding Lorazepam and Its Uses

The activity of this treatment involves enhancing the effects of GABA on a particular natural chemical in our bodies to provide relief for individuals suffering from intense anxiety symptoms or those feeling nervous. Typically used for short-term management of anxiety such as generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) and panic attacks; it works well in treating insomnia resulting from anxiety as well as being used commonly for sedation prior to surgery or other invasive procedures.

Key Benefits of Lorazepam

  • Eases tension & panic attack
  • To manage sleeplessness due to anxiety
  • Given prior to surgical operations help reducing fears/anxiety about them

Potential Side Effects of Lorazepam

Although effective for these conditions, some people may have unwanted side-effects when using Lorazepam. Common ones consist:

  • Sleepiness;
  • Dizziness;
  • Tiredness;
  • Nausea;
  • Blurry Vision.

In case you experience memory issues, signs of depression or suicidal thoughts, confusion, aggression, hallucinations, rash with itching/swelling especially on the face/tongue/throat), severe dizziness or difficulty breathing it is important to seek help immediately from a healthcare professional. Any kind of severe side effect should be reported to the doctor straight away.

Precautions Before Taking Lorazepam

It is important that you share your medical history with your doctor before starting Lorazepam especially if you have ever abused drugs or alcohol, having kidney disease, liver disease, any breathing problems or mood/mental disorders. There is also a possibility of dizziness and drowsiness due to Lorazepam; hence, it’s better not to drive or operate any machinery and engage in activities requiring vigilance until you are sure that you can do this safely.

Important Considerations

  • Avoid taking alcohol while under medication as this may lead to serious effects.
  • If you are pregnant, plan on getting pregnant, or breastfeeding inform your doctor so as they will know how Lorazepam may harm an unborn baby or nursing child.
  • The drug should not be given out to other persons mostly addicts who have been addicted.


Lorazepam manages anxiety and similar conditions effectively though it carries its precautions and potential side effects. Always consult a healthcare professional when using the medication so as to ensure safe usage of lorazepam. If there are any concerns regarding the use of Lorazepam medications please contact your physician for advice on the most suitable option based on your situation.

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