Drug: Retin-A

Retin-A Gel (Cream)
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Retin-A, also known as tretinoin, is a prescription drug synthesized from Vitamin A that has changed the way we treat acne and skin aging. It is used to clear acne, reduce the appearance of lines and wrinkles, even out skin tone and correct discoloration, and so on. This is one of the most important components of dermatological care.

What is Retin–A?

Retin-A is a cream which helps your body to renew the top layer of its skin using concentrated vitamin A. It’s used mainly for acne treatment but it also helps with photoaging, hyperpigmentation and even some forms of skin cancer. Retin-A increases cell turnover thereby bringing about clearing up blemishes while at the same time improving skin texture and tone.

Benefits of Retin-A

  • Acne Treatment: It unclogs pores by speeding up cell growth in about 4 days (for every four days) instead of 15-30 days.
  • Anti-Aging Properties: By generating new elastic fibers in our dermis it decreases wrinkles formation.
  • Skin Texture Improvement: Dead cells are sloughed away through regular use thus leaving you with soft supple skin.
  • Pigmentation and Dark Spots: Newer skin cells are formed faster thus removing dark spots.

How to Use Retin-A

The use of retinoic acid requires guidance from a dermatologist for desirable results. Normally, approximately pea-sized amount is applied on face after cleansing in an even layer when going to sleep. Therefore, because Retin-A increases sun sensitivity, using a broad-spectrum sunscreen in the daytime is imperative to guard against the harmful effects of UV rays on our skin.

Potential Side Effects

It is highly effective; however, during initial weeks of usage it can cause certain conditions such as redness, peeling and dryness. In addition to this, most patients may also experience photosensitivity during treatment as well. Most side effects are mild and temporary, as the skin adjusts to the treatment.

Retin-A vs. Retinol

Retin-A (tretinoin) should not be confused with retinol which is a weaker form of vitamin A that can be obtained without a prescription. Retin-A is more powerful than retinol and it works faster making it more appropriate for serious skin disorders that require prescription-strength intervention.


The transformational influence of Retin-A on skin healthiness cannot be underestimated since it has been proven to make significant improvements in terms of one’s appearance and texture. Despite some side effects that might occur when using it, retinoic acid has found application in treating various types of skin problems such as mild acne vulgaris among others. Just like any prescription medication you need to consult your healthcare provider before starting its use.

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