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Macrobid is a common antibiotic that is typically used to treat bladder infections. It works by inhibiting the growth of bacteria. It will only work to treat bacterial infections and is of no use against viral infections like the common cold or the flu. Using it too much can cause the body to build up a resistance to the medication and it will not be as effective. Infants less than one month old should not be given this medication and it should only be used to treat infections in the bladder and not elsewhere in the body.
Macrobid should be taken orally with food. It is normally taken twice a day; once at morning and once at night. It should not be chewed up but swallowed whole to achieve the best results. While you are taking this medicine do not take antacids or other supplements that contain magnesium. They can prevent the body from being properly absorbed into the body.
Typical, non serious side effects may include headache or nausea. If they get too severe to handle or a lot worse contact your doctor. Macrobid may cause the urine to turn extremely dark. This is only a temporary condition and should go away as shortly after the medicine is no longer being taken. However, dark urine can also be a symptom of a more serious liver disease. If you have brown or very dark urine along with stomach/abdominal pain, tiredness, irregular heartbeat, yellow eyes or skin, or vomiting call the doctor immediately.
There are some rare but serious side effects that can occur from taking this medication. Be sure to report anything such as eye pain, changes in vision, mood swings, severe or persistent headaches or signs of new infection to your doctor immediately. Go to the nearest emergency room if you experience numbness of extremities or unusual muscle weakness.